TEMPORALITY, LANDSCAPES AND MATERIAL CULTURE IN THE MADEIRA RIVER BASIN, BRAZIL

 

Abstract:

 

The region of the Madeira River basin presents archaeological remains of continuous occupations in the last millennia, and is also the scene of a great linguistic and cultural diversity perceived by linguistic, anthropological and archaeological studies. This symposium aims to contribute to the discussion and improvement of methodologies used to generate archaeological knowledge about human occupations on the banks of the Madeira River, which began more than seven thousand years ago, with a panorama of material culture allied to temporality and places. To know the material culture is to understand its symbolic function accepted and incorporated by the persistent places[1] and people, and to have an interest in traditional technologies is to want to know how the object is born, who and how it conceives it, and in what tasks societies are involved in the constant re-signification of a given material culture, and places in the landscape. Finally, we emphasize that far beyond the societies of the past, current currents of archeology have thought of contemporary societies to understand aspects related to the social interactions of the present from the materiality. In this way, to discuss some information generated about human occupation on the banks of the Madeira River, as well as to demonstrate the relationship of the communities and the landscape in an attempt to recover the historical character, also addressing issues such as the continuity involved in the constant re-signification of the culture material and local environmental resources that may have resulted in the landscape we see at present is that this symposium is proposed.

 

[1] According to Schlanger (1992), "persistent places" can be classified into categories, namely: Certain particularities of the place that make it singular and requisite for certain activities, practices or behaviors; Existence of certain characteristics that make them the focus of followed reoccupations; Existence of raw material, material culture or structures (of any kind) of other occupations that can be reused.

key words:

Temporality, material culture, landscape, archaeological methodology, Madeira river.

 

COORDINAtors: 

 

Juliana Rossato Santi, Professor of the Department of Archeology in Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, juliana.santi@unir.br.

Laura Nisinga Cabral, Master student of the Postgraduate Program in Geography of the Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, laura_nisinga@yahoo.com.br.

 

symposium commentator:

 

Elisangela Regina de Oliveira, Master Professor, Department of Archeology, Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, elisoliveira@unir.br.

 

conferences

 

PERSPECTIVES OF THE PROCESSES OF MUSEALIZATION OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE IN THE STATE OF RONDONIA.

 

Alyne Mayara Rufino dos Santos, Archaeologist in the Museum of Memory Rondoniense, Alyne.arqueologia@gmail.com

 

The work in question carried out a survey of the formation of the archaeological collections in museological spaces in the interior of the state of Rondonia, generated from different contexts. Rondonia is located in the southwest portion of the Brazilian Amazon, having gained great visibility over its dense archaeological potential in the last decade, mainly due to the implementation of engineering and infrastructure works and its previous environmental licensing processes. The Museum of Archeology of Ariquemes (MAR) was built after a TAC was established, as a mitigating measure to the damages caused to the archaeological patrimony during the insertion of a hydroelectric project. The Research Center and Regional Museum of Archeology of Rondonia (CPMRARO), in the municipality of Presidente Medici, was thought of as a useful resource for the collection of archaeological artifacts that occurred in the region. The analysis of the processes aims to understand to what extent the implantation of these spaces and the actions carried out by them have fomented the dialogue between archeology and society. It reflects on the material culture as a source of knowledge, together with the museological management, seeking to map the potentialities and limits of the preservation and socialization of the archaeological heritage, in dialogue with the respective contexts of creation, in both museums.

 

STONES ON THE WAY? I KEEP ALL. TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LITHICAL INDUSTRY OF THE SÍTIO BREJO, RO.

 

Cleiciane Aiane Noleto da Silva, Archaeologist, Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, cleinoleto@hotmail.com.

 

Since the beginning of archaeological research in Brazil the studies related to the lithic vestiges are few and punctual and, in the majority, aim to study the period of transition between the Pleistocene and Holocene. Our contribution comes from this monograph of graduation, with the analysis of the lithic industry of the archaeological site Brejo, that was located in the right margin of the Madeira river, next to the waterfall of Sto. Antonio and it is about occupation between 1390 and 760 AP of ceramist group. In this way, we aim to identify lithic raw materials, the techniques used to work it, its distribution and concentration in space and time within the site to propose interpretations about the use of spaces and their possible meanings from the notion of technological system. In this way, it was possible to make relations between lithic classes, raw materials and stratigraphy, as well as the relations between ceramic and lithic in the layers with and without  archeological ‘terra preta’ inside the site.

 

HISTORICAL ARCHEOLOGY IN THE HIGH RIO MADEIRA: CURING, ANALYSIS AND CATALOG OF THE "VILA DE SANTO ANTONIO" COLLECTION - PORTO VELHO, RONDONIA - BRAZIL.

 

Eclésia Gonçalves do Nascimento, Archaeologist, Federal University of Rondônia, Brazil, eclesia8@hotmail.com.

 

The present work deals with the study of the dishes of Vila de Santo Antonio Collection (V.S.A.C.), material from assemblages collected by "third parties" and recovered by the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute - IPHAN / RO transferred to the Federal University of Rondonia. The collection is currently safeguarded in the Technical Reserve of the Department of Archeology - DARQ of the UNIR used as didactic material in the discipline of historical archeology. The research in question went through the methodological processes known as curation, analysis, conditioning of the pieces, digitalization of the data, having as final objective the preparation of a catalog of these dishes containing the information of the analysis based on the bibliography on the subject and the information regarding the documentation of the institutionalization of the collection and its collection points, allowing access to the data of this collection to be facilitated both for its didactic use and for future research, guaranteeing the archaeological patrimony, encouraging the development of extension projects so that the community to know it and in a way have a return of its history, the economic, political and cultural processes in the Amazon.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL BLACK LAND OF THE SANTO ANTÔNIO ISLAND SITE, PORTO VELHO-RO.

 

Emanuella da Costa Oliveira, Arqueóloga, Federal University of Rondônia, Brazil, emanuellacosta.oliveira@gmail.com.

 

The archaeological site Santo Antonio Island is located in the same waterfall, in the municipality of Porto Velho, RO. It is a multicomponential site possessing at least three occupations: pre-ceramist, ceramist and historical. It presents data of 990 ± 40 AP for the ceramic horizon and 7,760 ± 50 AP for the pre-ceramic horizon. The Site was divided into three sectors. Sector I: canals sector (R1, R2 and R3) and environment, being identified three layers, being able to be classified in the general consensus as humic / organic layer, TPA and latossoil. Sector II: identified the ceramic sector without TPA, sandy sediments from brown to yellowish brown that gravel to clayey soils yellowish to reddish. Sector III: south of the island, five layers (organic, fine sand, TPA buried between 20-30 cm, sands and yellowish soils). We developed a map with the dispersion of TPA, and performed soil chemical analysis in the following units: N959 E841 and N922 E949 (sectors I and II) in order to compare if there is a divergence in the chemical contents of these units or similarities due to the pre-ceramic unit not have black earth unlike ceramic. When we compared the two units, we noticed that the levels of P and Ca are high, with the phosphorus being high in all samples chosen for the analysis.

 

CHALLENGES OF AN ARBOR LIFT IN THE SITE ENVIRONMENTS DONZA, PORTO VELHO – RO

 

Glenda Maria Bastos Félix, Biologist, Archaeologist and Laboratory Technique and Museum, Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, glenda.felix@unir.br.

 

The aim of this survey is to identify the remaining vegetation that is in the area of the Donza archaeological site, as well as to establish future comparisons with the data from the site excavation. This site is on the right bank of the Madeira River, about thirty kilometers from the capital of Porto Velho. The site was identified in 2015 and at the time, after the historic flood of the Madeira River in 2014, the vegetation was very scarce, constituting only grasses and primary vegetation and few examples of secondary vegetation. In the second stage of field performed at the site, it was decided to make a further survey of the vegetation that was in place. The methodology used was the division of the site delimitation area into plots. It was verified in this survey that the vegetation continues basically of primary plants that possibly come from the flood of 2014. Some species of the family Arecaceae were identified, like Babaçu (Attalea speciosa). It can also be observed species of hardwood, like the Faveira (botanical family Fabaceae).

 

PERSISTENT PLACES AND OF PEOPLE: THE STUDY OF BOTANICAL MACROVESTÍGIOS IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE DONZA, MADEIRA RIVER, PORTO VELHO, RONDONIA.

 

Juliana Rossato Santi, PhD, Department of Archeology, Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil, juliana.santi@unir.br.

 

This work aims to contribute to the archaeological knowledge about the human occupation on the banks of the Madeira River, in the Archaeological Site of Donza, from the analysis of the botanical micro trace from collections during the excavations in the field and by the laboratory flotation method. The archaeological site Donza is located in the ravine of the left bank of the Madeira river, in the community of Itacoã, 50 km downstream of the city of Porto Velho, and located near the mouth of the river Jamari. This site has been identified by some residents, who have been observing for years the presence of polished ceramic and stone canisters in a place near the river ravine. It is characterized by the presence of archaeological black earth, whole ceramic vessels with fragments of human bones, being found fragments of ceramic, chipped stone, botanical remains (seeds, charcoal) and faunal remains (bones of different animals). The use of botanical macro traces, in the understanding of part of the context of this site, is done in order to contribute to the task of discovering the spatial-temporal and cultural diversity in the upper Madeira river, in Porto Velho / RO, and to understand the meanings of the landscapes and local knowledge that interlinked human occupations in the region over the millennia.

 

AREAS OF OCCUPATION: DIFFERENCES NOTED THROUGH THE ANALYSIS OF THE LITRIC TRENCHES OF THE ISLAND OF SANTO ANTONIO, PORTO VELHO, RO

 

Laura Nisinga Cabral, Master student of the Postgraduate Program in Geography of the Federal University of Rondonia, laura_nisinga@yahoo.com.br.

 

The appropriation of the landscape by past communities is evident not only by establishing a long chronology, but also by the use of its internal space. The analysis of the material culture becomes necessary to understand this relation with the communities that had their marked presence in the landscape transformed now archaeological vestige. In the archaeological site of the Island of Santo Antonio the presence in the landscape dates back 7,000 years before the present (B.P.) and the occupation in this period of time was diverse. Studies of ceramic materials inform us that in this locality there were 5 technologies of different styles and the occupation a-ceramist is removed from the location of the occupation ceramist. This work proposes, through analyzes of the lytic material, to discuss the difference that this material can indicate between these occupations, the material record and the changes that can be perceived in these 7,000 years of ethno history.

 

CONTEMPORARY ARCHEOLOGY OF CONFLICT AND RESISTANCE: MATERIALITY AND LAND CONFLICT IN RONDONIA.

 

Valeria Cristina Ferreira e Silva, Master Professor at the Federal University of Rondonia, valcfs@unir.br.

 

In the work in question it is proposed to reflect around the possibilities of the realization of an archeology of the recent and contemporary past, directed to the materiality involved in the contexts of land conflicts and resistance of the peasants in Rondonia. Discuss the possibilities of analysis of cultural actions and practices through which people reconstruct their memories and resist in these contexts.