The 20th and 21st centuries have been the historical context of the rise of new political regime according to the magnitude and scale of application of violence and repression, which become the nodes of relation between the state and the communities. A complex relation of repression, resistance and resilience whose material traces trespass the frontiers of the social context in which they were generated, reaching and determining the ontologies of the present.

So, the different dictatorial regimes have generated a specific and distinctive materiality open to be addressed from Archaeology. Disciplinary and/or  "vanishing-making" architectures, mass graves, politics of memory or the creation of specific concepts of social space are only some of these materialities which have characterized the dictatorial regimes and their relation to communities, even reaching the population of whole countries. Furthermore, the repercussions of these materialities in the present creates particular bonds among "specialists" and the politic subjects who are victims of institutional repression. Bonds yet to be analysed in depth, trying to avoid the trap of hoarding and neocolonial practices.

As a continuation of the symposium held at the TAAS 2016 "De materialidades y memorias: arqueologías de la violencia política del siglo XX", the main aim of this symposium is the gathering of different perspectives in the study of the dictatorships and state terrorism through their materialities. This will lead to tackle with three complementary issues: first, the particularities and specificities of each of the dictatorial regimes through their material forms and also the regularities of the technological chains of repression in a supranational level (e.g., the Condor Plan); second, the relationships between the different collectives of victims of these regimes (direct victims, survivors, families, dwellers near repressive spaces or mass graves, academic community...) and the kind of agencies (material and human) which have articulated this relationships; finally, the social and political implications of the mediation exercised by the archaeologists between these materialities and the involved collectives.


key words:

: Repression, Resistance, Archaeology of dictatorship, Agency, Critic Archaeology.



Bruno Rosignoli, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (CONICET). Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones en Antropología y Arqueología (CEIAA).

Carlos Marín Suárez, Universidad de la República - UdelaR (Uruguay). Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones en Antropología y Arqueología (CEIAA).

Carlos Tejerizo García, Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Incipit, CSIC).


symposium commentator:

Gonzalo Compañy, Global and Area Studies - Universität Leipzig. Correo: